Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10790/2595

EFFECTS OF NUTRIENT ENRICHMENT ON MICROBIAL BIOMASS AND CLASS STRUCTURE IN GROUNDWATER-FED OLIGOTROPHIC WATERS OFF WEST HAWAIʻI ISLAND: AN EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION

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dc.contributor.advisor Adolf, Jason
dc.contributor.author Heu, Linnea Ihilani
dc.date.accessioned 2016-01-04T20:47:34Z
dc.date.available 2016-01-04T20:47:34Z
dc.date.issued 2015-12
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10790/2595
dc.description.abstract Phytoplankton are important environmental indicators because their biomass and size structure can respond rapidly to changing conditions, including nutrient loading. Submarine groundwater discharge (SGD) is a significant contributor of natural and anthropogenic nutrients to the coastal ecosystem, with potentially adverse impacts in some areas. Our objective was to experimentally assess the sensitivity of phytoplankton and bacteria in SGD-influenced water to nutrient loading. We performed nutrient (+N, +P, +N+P) enrichment bioassays with water collected inside and outside persistent SGD plumes at Kīholo and Kaloko Bays along the arid Kona coast of Hawaiʻi Island, U.S.A. In situ physical / chemical conditions at Kīholo Bay reflected strong influence of SGD and the phytoplankton were dominated by pico- and nano-phytoplankton (<20 m), which exhibited larger average cell-size in-plume. The response ratio (RR) of total phytoplankton biomass was significantly > 0 for all treatments, but the RR among the pico / nanophytoplankton fraction different, indicating that biomass responses are being driven by the larger size fraction of phytoplankton (<20 µm). For total biomass, +N+P treatments had a greater response than +N and +P. In situ physical / chemical conditions at Kaloko, reflected less influence of SGD compared to Kīholo, and both in- and out-of-plume phytoplankton showed a RR > 0 for +N and +N+P (combined) treatments, while only out-of-plume waters responded positively to +P treatments. Kaloko pico / nanophytoplankton in-plume showed a RR > 0 for +N and combined treatments. At both sites, +N and combined treatments produced significant increases in relative growth rate (r) for the total phytoplankton, but not the pico / nanophytoplankton. At both sites, significant drawdown of NO3-+NO2- and PO43- occurred only in combined treatments applied to water collected in-plume. Despite enriched conditions in-plume, phytoplankton communities at these sites exhibited nutrient limitation through elevated biomass and changes in community composition in response to fertilization. Our findings support dual nutrient management strategies for SGD-influenced waters.
dc.format.extent 60 pages
dc.language.iso en
dc.subject Environmental science
dc.subject Ecology
dc.subject nutrient enrichment bioassay
dc.subject nutrient limitation
dc.subject phytoplankton community structure
dc.subject submarine groundwater discharge
dc.title EFFECTS OF NUTRIENT ENRICHMENT ON MICROBIAL BIOMASS AND CLASS STRUCTURE IN GROUNDWATER-FED OLIGOTROPHIC WATERS OFF WEST HAWAIʻI ISLAND: AN EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION
dc.description.degree M.S.
dc.description.institution University of Hawaii at Hilo
dc.contributor.department Tropical Conservation Biology & Environmental Science
dcterms.rights All UHH dissertations and theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from this source for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission from the copyright owner.
Appears in Collections: Tropical Conservation Biology and Environmental Science
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