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Design of forest bird monitoring for strategic habitat conservation on Kaua`i Island, Hawai`i

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Title: Design of forest bird monitoring for strategic habitat conservation on Kaua`i Island, Hawai`i
Authors: Camp, Richard J.
Gorresen, P. Marcos
Keywords: Endangered species
Hawaii
monitoring program
Issue Date: Jul 2011
Series/Report no.: TR-HCSU;022
Related To: http://hilo.hawaii.edu/hcsu/publications.php
Abstract: This report was commissioned by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS). The purpose was to develop a monitoring program for Kaua`i forest birds in the USFWS Strategic Habitat Conservation and adaptive management frameworks. Monitoring within those frameworks is a tool to assess resource responses to management and
conservation actions, and through an iterative learning process improve our understanding of species recovery, effective management, and knowledge gaps. This report provides only the monitoring component of both frameworks, and we apply the monitoring program to the East Alaka`i Protective Fence Project.
The East Alaka`i Protective Fence Project is a joint project by the USFWS, State of Hawai`i Division of Forest and Wildlife, Kaua`i Watershed Alliance, and The Nature Conservancy to restore and preserve an 809 ha area of native forest bird habitat through fencing, and ungulate and weed control. The primary purpose of the project is to restore and preserve the habitat that will in turn support abundant and resilient bird populations.
This report contains:
• A monitoring program specifically developed to track bird distribution, density and demography, and habitat for the East Alaka`i Protective Fence Project;
• A review of the Kaua`i forest bird surveys;
• A description of the current status and trends of Kaua`i forest birds;
• An assessment and evaluation of the current surveys;
• A monitoring program developed to sample bird distribution, density and demography, and habitat at three general levels of spatial scale.
Without the management components described in the East Alaka`i Protective Fence Project and the Revised Recovery Plan for Hawaiian Forest Birds (USFWS 2006) the bird monitoring recommended in this report is little better than surveillance (i.e., monitoring without a link to management). If, however, the proposed management actions are implemented in conjunction with the recommended bird monitoring, then this monitoring program will identify population changes in a timely manner and facilitate identification of the proximate causes of population changes.
Pages/Duration: 72
URI/DOI: http://hdl.handle.net/10790/2702
Appears in Collections:Hawaii Cooperative Studies Unit (HCSU)



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