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Healthcare Systems Require Culturally Competent Staff

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Item Summary

Title: Healthcare Systems Require Culturally Competent Staff
Other Titles: What type of instruction in cultural diversity prepares staff at the University setting?
Authors: Guo, Kristina L.
Young, Susan
LC Subject Headings: Diversity in the workplace
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc
Related To: http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/HCM.0000000000000100
Abstract: OBJECTIVE:
The objective of the study was to determine if an intensive educational intervention
would increase the cultural competence score of senior-level nursing students in Hawaii.
The results of the study will have significance for further development of nursing
curricula on cultural diversity. In addition new nurses will be prepared in the workplace
to contribute to successful healthcare systems development of cultural interventions
leading to positive health outcomes.
DESIGN:
A descriptive-correlational research method was applied to examine the correlations
between a control group and experimental group using pre-and post-test after an
educational intervention was administered.
METHODS:
An educational intervention consisting of a didactic presentation with PowerPoint and
open discussion was provided. The information was designed to improve the cultural
competence of the nursing students. The researcher abstracted and synthesized data from
the IAPCC-SV (Inventory for Assessing the Process of Cultural Competency Among
Healthcare Professionals-Student Version) tool using SPSS. The tool was administered
both before-and after-the educational intervention for the experimental group in addition
to a control group for comparison.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:
To determine if the effectiveness of an intensive educational intervention improved
cultural competency scores for an experimental group receiving the intervention and
results for the control group not receiving the intervention.
RESULTS:
The study participants were divided into two groups, experimental and control. A total of
25 participants for the experimental and 24 for the control group participated.
Examination of the pre and posttest scores was completed using SPSS to determine
correlations, using Group Statistics, Independent Samples Test and a Paired Samples and
Paired Samples Correlation was conducted. The educational intervention of a two-hour
didactic, presentation and discussion did not demonstrate a statistically significant change
in scores after the educational intervention.
CONCLUSIONS:
Cultural competence training in the domains of awareness, skill, knowledge, encounter
and desire cannot be taught by instruction alone and are best taught through lifelong
learning and experience.
Additional experience through immersion activities has suggested a hands-on approach
necessary for increased understanding between theory and practice.
Pages/Duration: 28 pages
URI/DOI: http://hdl.handle.net/10790/2987
DOI: 10.1097/HCM.0000000000000100
Appears in Collections:Guo, Kristina L.
Young, Susan



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