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Summer Flowering Cover Crops Support Wild Bees in Vineyards
|Title:||Summer Flowering Cover Crops Support Wild Bees in Vineyards|
Wong, Jessica S.
Thorp, Robbin W.
Daane, Kent M.
show 1 moreAltieri, Miguel A.
|LC Subject Headings:||Bee culture|
Bees -- Environmental Aspects
Ecosystems -- Research
Pollination -- Research
|Date Issued:||30 Dec 2017|
|Publisher:||Oxford University Press|
|Citation:||Houston Wilson, Jessica S Wong, Robbin W Thorp, Albie F Miles, Kent M Daane, Miguel A Altieri; Summer Flowering Cover Crops Support Wild Bees in Vineyards, Environmental Entomology, Volume 47, Issue 1, 8 February 2018, Pages 63–69, https://doi.org/10.1093/ee/nvx197|
|Abstract:||Agricultural expansion and intensification negatively affect pollinator populations and has led to reductions in pollination services across multiple cropping systems. As a result, growers and researchers have utilized the restoration of local and landscape habitat diversity to support pollinators, and wild bees in particular. Although a majority of studies to date have focussed on effects in pollinator-dependent crops such as almond, tomato, sunflower, and watermelon, supporting wild bees in self-pollinated crops, such as grapes, can contribute to broader conservation goals as well as provide other indirect benefits to growers. This study evaluates the influence of summer flowering cover crops and landscape diversity on the abundance and diversity of vineyard bee populations. We showed that diversity and abundance of wild bees were increased on the flowering cover crop, but were unaffected by changes in landscape diversity. These findings indicate that summer flowering cover crops can be used to support wild bees and this could be a useful strategy for grape growers interested in pollinator conservation as part of a broader farmscape sustainability agenda.|
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