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GENOMIC DIVERSITY OF THE CRITICALLY-ENDANGERED ‘ALALĀ (CORVUS HAWAIIENSIS) EARLY AND LATE-BOTTLENECK

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Title:GENOMIC DIVERSITY OF THE CRITICALLY-ENDANGERED ‘ALALĀ (CORVUS HAWAIIENSIS) EARLY AND LATE-BOTTLENECK
Authors:Blanchet, Genevieve
Contributors:Sutton, Jolene T. (advisor)
Tropical Conservation Biology & Environmental Science (department)
Keywords:Conservation biology
Genetics
Biology
alala
conservation
show 4 moregenetic diversity
genomics
hawaiian crow
population genetics
show less
Date Issued:Aug 2018
Abstract:Genetic diversity is often reduced in bottlenecked populations, which can lead to problems like inbreeding depression and reduced adaptive potential. One example of a bottlenecked species that is experiencing negative genetic consequences is the ‘Alalā (Hawaiian crow; Corvus hawaiiensis). The ‘Alalā suffered a century-long bottleneck, and became extinct in the wild in 2002. After decades of captive breeding, 11 individuals were successfully released back into the wild in October 2017, representing the first step in a long-term reintroduction effort. To aid this species recovery program, we have begun assessing genome-wide diversity in the ‘Alalā. In this study, we used a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) capture approach to test for loss of allelic diversity and heterozygosity between two sets of samples: museum and modern. Museum specimens were collected in the early bottleneck period (circa 1890), and modern individuals were sampled during years in which the population reached its smallest size (circa 1990). Preliminary data analysis suggests no loss in overall genetic diversity – measured as the number of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) per bird – and heterozygosity between groups, but genetic structuring is present between museum and modern samples. If these preliminary findings are confirmed by our on-going, in-depth analyses, this would suggest that the ‘Alalā population was relatively small with low genetic diversity before the bottleneck event, like some other island populations.
Pages/Duration:39 pages
URI:http://hdl.handle.net/10790/3533
Rights:All UHH dissertations and theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from this source for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission from the copyright owner.
Appears in Collections: Tropical Conservation Biology and Environmental Science
TCBES Theses


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