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2017-2018 Palila abundance estimates and trend

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dc.contributor.authorGenz, Ayesha S.-
dc.contributor.authorBrinck, Kevin W.-
dc.contributor.authorCamp, Richard J.-
dc.contributor.authorBanko, Paul C.-
dc.description.abstractThe palila (Loxioides bailleui) population was surveyed annually from 1998–2018 on Mauna Kea Volcano to determine abundance, population trend, and spatial distribution. In the latest surveys, the 2017 population was estimated at 1,177−1,813 birds (point estimate: 1,461) and the 2018 population was estimated at 778−1,420 (point estimate: 1,051). Only two palila were detected outside the core survey area during a mountain-wide survey in 2017, suggesting that most, if not all, palila inhabit the western slope during the annual survey period. Since 1998, the size of the area containing palila detections on the western slope did not show a significant change, suggesting that the range of the species has remained stable; although this area represents only about 5% of its historical extent. During 1998−2003, palila numbers fluctuated moderately (coefficient of variation [CV] = 0.20). After peaking in 2003, population estimates declined steadily through 2011; since 2010, estimates have continued to decline at a slower rate. The average rate of decline during 1998−2018 was 168 birds per year with very strong statistical support for an overall declining trend in abundance. Over the 21-year monitoring period, the estimated rate of change equated to a 76% decline in the population.en_US
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 United States*
dc.subjectabundance estimationen_US
dc.subjectbird surveysen_US
dc.subjectMauna Keaen_US
dc.subjectpoint transect samplingen_US
dc.subjecttrend detectionen_US
dc.title2017-2018 Palila abundance estimates and trenden_US
Appears in Collections:Hawaii Cooperative Studies Unit (HCSU)

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