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Development of a Nurse Practitioner Preceptor Training Program to Increase Readiness to Become a Preceptor

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Title:Development of a Nurse Practitioner Preceptor Training Program to Increase Readiness to Become a Preceptor
Authors:Miura, Miki
Contributors:Daub, Katharyn (instructor)
Hensley, Patricia (instructor)
Chino-Kelly, Michelle (instructor)
Keywords:nurse practitioner
Nursing--Study and teaching (Preceptorship)
Date Issued:20 May 2019
Abstract:An increasing demand for nurse practitioners (NPs) to cope with a shortage of physicians has highlighted the urgency for expansion of NP programs. However, an insufficient number of preceptors limits the ability of NP programs to accept more students. Preceptor training not only increases NPs’ competency in teaching, but it also enhances their self-efficacy. Based on Bandura’s self-efficacy theory, improvement of NPs’ self-efficacy is likely to lead to positive changes in behavior, thus, it can enhance their willingness to participate in preceptorship and ultimately increase the NP’s readiness for a preceptor role. Preceptor training is highly desired by NPs, yet, there are a limited number of preceptor training for NPs available.
The aims of this a practice inquiry project (PIP) were to develop a NP preceptor training program based on a literature review and to evaluate the program after implementing a pilot program. Literature shows that the One Minute Preceptor (OMP) model has been used among other healthcare disciplines and can promote effective and efficient communication between preceptors and students. An NP preceptor training program that teaches NPs about the OMP was created based on the literature review. For the second part of this project, a pilot test of the program was conducted and evaluated. A total of nine NPs participated in this pilot study. Four surveys were administered at three different points (pretest, posttest and three-month follow-up) to examine if the participants’ self-efficacy as a preceptor and willingness to become a preceptor improves after the piloted program. The results demonstrated that the piloted preceptor training improved multiple aspects of their self-efficacy and brought positive effects on preceptors’ decision to participate in preceptorship. Future studies should employ more participants to increase the power of the results.
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Appears in Collections: DNP Practice Inquiry Projects

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