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Applying Makawalu to Midway Atoll's Visitor Program Kuaihelani, Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument

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Title:Applying Makawalu to Midway Atoll's Visitor Program Kuaihelani, Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument
Authors:McGuire, Gina Maelynn
Contributors:Turner, Jason P. (advisor)
Tropical Conservation Biology & Environmental Science (department)
Keywords:Geography
Social research
Conservation biology
Conservation
Midway Atoll
show 4 moreNarrative research
National Wildlife Refuge
Tourism
Visitation
show less
Date Issued:May 2019
Abstract:This study informs decisionmakers on the stakeholder's views about the feasibility of re-opening visitation to the Midway Atoll National Wildlife Refuge and Battle of Midway National Memorial. Midway Atoll is operated under the National Wildlife Refuge System and is the only area within the surrounding Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument designated to allow for public visitation. Narrative research methodologies including interviewing and participant observation were conducted under the Hawaiian framework of makawalu, literally translating to “eight eyes.” Narrative research provides the context and added complexity to inform decisions about visitation regarding social, ecological, heritage, and economic interests in the Atoll. Stakeholder responses show that the question as to whether visitation “should” be re-opened on Midway is unclear across responses, and that in many cases where there is strong conviction to have visitation, it is only for certain groups and interviewees have serious reservations about visitation program design. Spatial landscape analysis identifies gaps in data availability to determine potential environmental impact on Midway Atoll and the importance of including Indigenous ways of knowing in management. The literature review of similar sites shows that the effects of increased human activity are often greater than anticipated or immediately observable. Significant logistical challenges of operating in a remote setting result in high annual program and trip costs. Future planning should incorporate stakeholder views, information on potential environmental harm, and associated costs collected in this document to inform whether or not the benefits of visitation outweigh concerns and the high cost.
Pages/Duration:100 pages
URI:http://hdl.handle.net/10790/5142
Rights:All UHH dissertations and theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from this source for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission from the copyright owner.
Appears in Collections: Tropical Conservation Biology and Environmental Science
TCBES Theses


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