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Review of type 2 diabetes self-management programs in Hawai'i and mental health

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Title:Review of type 2 diabetes self-management programs in Hawai'i and mental health
Authors:Anglese, Tucker
Contributors:Kim, Sunyoung (advisor)
Counseling Psychology (department)
Keywords:Counseling psychology
Behavioral sciences
Mental health
show 2 moreself-management
Type 2 diabetes
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Date Issued:2015
Abstract:Background: Type 2 diabetes is a complex chronic condition. To achieve positive outcomes patients must have an understanding of diabetes and self-efficacy to carry out self-management. Studies have shown that diabetes self-management education interventions positively affect physical and mental health outcomes, thereby improving the patient’s diabetes self-management.
Purpose: The purpose of this article was to determine if four diabetes self-management programs (DSMP) on the Island of Hawaii are providing competent care based on national standards of curriculum components, addressing mental health concerns affecting diabetes self-management, and providing culturally adapted care.
Methods: This study was carried out in three stages: 1) selecting programs for analysis; 2) comparing evaluated programs based on American Association of Diabetes Educators Self-care behaviors through the review of program manuals and supplemental materials; and 3) interviewing program directors.
Results: A review of community-based, self-management programs on Hawaii Island reveals that they provide competent care based on national Diabetes Self-Management Education standards. The reviewed programs appear to be successful and include culturally adapted education. However, assessments for mental health are not currently being used to assess a patient’s need for treatment of common mental health problems such as depression.
Conclusion: The current evidence of a connection between diabetes and depression indicates that DSMPs should assess for depression and provide effective treatment, especially for ethnic groups that have a high prevalence of diabetes and diabetes-related hospitalizations. More research is needed to determine how programs could better address culture and mental health concerns related to diabetes self-management education.
Pages/Duration:25 pages
Rights:All UHH dissertations and theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from this source for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission from the copyright owner.
Appears in Collections: Counseling Psychology

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