Biocultural Practices during the Transition to History at the Vat Komnou Cemetery, Angkor Borei, Cambodia Ikehara-Quebral, Rona M. Stark, Miriam T. Belcher, William R. Vuthy, Voeun Krigbaum, John Bentley, R Alexander Douglas, Michele Toomay Pietrusewsky, Michael 2017-11-21T17:49:20Z 2017-11-21T17:49:20Z 2017
dc.description.abstract Mainland Southeast Asia underwent dramatic changes after the mid-first millennium B.C.E., as its populations embraced new metallurgical and agricultural technologies. Southeast Asians transformed their physical and social environments further through their participation in international maritime trade networks. Early state formation characterized much of the mainland by the mid-first millennium C.E. We examined a protohistoric (200 B.C.E.–200 C.E.) skeletal sample from the Vat Komnou cemetery at Angkor Borei in the Mekong Delta (southern Cambodia) to understand the health impacts of this changing environment. Degenerative joint disease patterns indicate a distinct sexual division of labor. Although intentional dental filing was practiced, its impact on oral-dental health could not be determined. Dental pathologies suggest a mixed diet with more fibrous foods and a lower reliance on soft, processed agricultural foods. A broad-spectrum diet and varied use of the local environment are inferred from the faunal evidence. Stable isotope ratios indicate a relatively greater reliance on fish and estuarine dietary resources than on terrestrial protein. Affinities with other groups in the region are suggested by the cultural practices of the relatively tall, healthy inhabitants from Vat Komnou.
dc.format.extent 46 pages
dc.identifier.doi 10.1353/asi.2017.0008
dc.language.iso en-US
dc.publisher University of Hawai'i Press
dc.subject biocultural studies
dc.subject.lcsh Forensic archaeology
dc.subject.lcsh Cambodia--History--To 800
dc.subject.lcsh Mekong River Delta (Vietnam and Cambodia)
dc.subject.lcsh Southeast Asia
dc.subject.lcsh Iron Age--Southeast Asia
dc.subject.lcsh Sexual division of labor.
dc.title Biocultural Practices during the Transition to History at the Vat Komnou Cemetery, Angkor Borei, Cambodia
dc.type Article
dc.type.dcmi Text
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