Evaluating techniques of quantifying lipid yield and cell density of Chlorella protothecoides (Kruger) grown on waste glycerol

dc.contributor.advisor Adolf, Jason E.
dc.contributor.author Collins, Topaz Palakika
dc.contributor.department Tropical Conservation Biology & Environmental Science
dc.date.accessioned 2016-01-04T20:47:28Z
dc.date.available 2016-01-04T20:47:28Z
dc.date.issued 2015-12
dc.description.abstract Chlorella protothecoides (Krüger) is ubiquitous as a research organism for biofuels. The genus consists of species that are photosynthetic, heterotrophic, and mixotrophic, and cellular lipid yield can be relatively high compared to other algal species. The research presented here addressed the differences between conventional and novel methods of quantifying lipid yield and cell density of C. protothecoides produced on various glycerol media. Conventional methods of light microscopy, gravimetric lipid analysis, and colony forming units, were compared with BODIPY 505/515 lipid-stained cells and NucRed Live 647 nucleic acid stained cells analyzed by flow cytometer. This is the first report of using a dual stain technique to simultaneously quantify cell density and lipid yield of an algal species for biofuel production. Results indicated that there is no significant difference (p > 0.05) between BODIPY 505/515 and NucRed Live 647 for cell density. There is no significance between the dyes and hemocytometer counts (p>0.05). Lipid analysis indicated no significant difference between flow cytometer lipid per cell and %oil/vol (p>0.05), especially for UTEX B25. This indicates that the novel method of utilizing BODIPY 505/515 or NucRed Live 647, singularly or in concert, is comparable to conventional methods of lipid and cell density analyses. Because all three strains of C. protothecoides obtained cell densities of between 107 and 109 cells/mL and highest oil yield was about 45% per cell, waste glycerol has the potential to become a viable feedstock for Hawaii’s growing biofuel industry.
dc.description.degree M.S.
dc.description.institution University of Hawaii at Hilo
dc.format.extent 43 pages
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10790/2594
dc.language.iso en
dc.subject Alternative energy
dc.subject Microbiology
dc.subject Conservation biology
dc.subject biofuel
dc.subject BODIPY 505/515
dc.subject Chlorella protothecoides
dc.subject glycerol
dc.subject heterotrophic
dc.subject NucRed Live 647
dc.title Evaluating techniques of quantifying lipid yield and cell density of Chlorella protothecoides (Kruger) grown on waste glycerol
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